The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood

 

Anatoly Vanetik provides a rich history of art throughout centuries, discussing each and every era as it passed through time. If you haven’t started from the beginning, read his other art history blogs here to catch up to the Pre-Raphaelite era of art history.

If you have been following along with Anatoly Vanetik’s art history blogs, then you know we’ve reached the era of Pre-Raphaelite Art. In case you missed any art blogs covering a multitude of styles and eras, you can catch up by reading more from Anatoly. If you are an art lover and have an appreciation for the history behind art as Anatoly does, he invites you to follow along through his art history.


 

Dating back in the mid 1800s, Chartism known as an uprising social reform, young and rebellious artists formed a secret society in London, called the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Their artwork emulated the medieval and early renaissance style. The artwork subjected religious, nobel or moralizing nature. With everything occurring during the 19th century in England such as social ills, mass industrialization and rising political history, The Brotherhood sought out to make a message through their art. Their messages were filled with renewal and moral reform utilizing the truth of nature.

This brotherhood began with three artists: Dante Gabriel Rossetti, William Holman Hunt, and John Everett Millais. Together, the three young artists formed the secret society in hopes to inspire and restore England.

On many canvases painted by the Brotherhood, you can find the initials “P.R.B.” along with the artists signatures. However, the secret society was not confined to just three. In fact, the Brotherhood expanded to seven, which they believed was the perfect number for a secret rebellious group of artists. The four additional members to the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood are: James Collinson, Thomas Woolner, William Michael Rossetti and Frederic George Stephens.

For this brotherhood to be a major part of history, it would have been nearly impossible for the society to remain a secret. In 1849, paintings with the “P.R.B.” initials were sent to the Royal Academy. The paintings from this group were defined with bright, luminous colors. The artist’s attention to detail and bright colors were highly criticized due to their rebellious techniques.

As the P.R.B. became public, their artwork grew in popularity. The more people knew about this group, the less their paintings were criticized. Due to such criticism however, Collinson resigned from the Brotherhood and Rossetti never displayed his artwork publically again

After a few short years, the Brotherhood diminished. Although their existence was short-lived, their impact was lasting, as it’s now a critical part of art history. This group was one of the first to go outdoors to complete their paintings, stylistically capturing the “truth of nature”. Their vibrant color and extreme attention to detail remains a classic part of history in the rebellious act of artists.

Where to Adopt Your Next Pet

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You’re considering to adopt a pet. You may have the type of pet you want, presumably a cat or a dog, and maybe you’ve compared the breed. Perhaps you even have a great idea of what companion you’re looking for. On the other hand, it’s possible that you’re just looking for any kind of fur companion to fit into your family. As you look for where to adopt your pet, you’ve most likely seen the numerous options for pet adoptions. So is there a difference between adopting a pet from your local Humane Society or from a reputable animal rescue? There are pros and cons to all sides of the pet adoption fence. Let’s explore.

Adopting from Animal Shelters

In large cities such as Los Angeles, it’s not uncommon for animal shelters to have an “open-door” policy meaning they don’t turn animals away. Unfortunately, this means crowded cages with concrete floors and a mere fence as a home. With an open-door policy, sometimes animal shelters are forced to euthanize older “tenants” animals who haven’t been adopted. The animals don’t get much time outside, nor do they get the companionship many pets desire, just as humans do. The major pro of adopting from an animal shelter means making more room, allowing the shelter to get other animals off the streets without needing to euthanize any shelter animals.

Largely considered a con of adopting animals from an animal shelter would be that due to an “open-door” policy, there is no formal screen process. Without a screening process, it’s hard to tell the history of a pet, it’s capabilities in your home and your family compatibility with this animal. Expect to do much training with the animal such as house training, the introduction of children and other pets, and also getting your new pet on a proper diet. You will also want to take your new companion to it’s new vet where checkups will be necessary, and you’ll likely get a better idea of your pet’s overall health and learn more about them.

Adopting from Humane Societies

The SPCA and Humane Societies are different than animal shelters and other humane societies. Although this sounds confusing, consider them both to be a brand name. They both function as non-profit organizations. They also most likely will have “limited admission” to where they are not required to euthanize animals in order to make room for more. Unfortunately, this means that they often turn away animals leaving them without a shelter or food.

You should expect to pay adoption fees at a Humane Society or SPCA, which those fees can vary greatly. They don’t do a formal background check or even look at your home, however, they do expect you to pay for the adoption of your new pet.

Pros and Cons for Adopting from Rescues/Foster Programs

Rescues differ greatly from animal shelters and humane societies. Due to the fact that rescues are foster homes or boarding kennels, the animals have a much better life as well as family companionship to start. The foster homes and owners of the kennels take the time to get to know and understand the dogs, thus when you adopt from a rescue, the foster family or kennel workers can tell you all about the pet you seek to adopt. You’ll know right from the start if the animal is a good fit for your family and home. Local rescues and online shelters have the capability for you to search online, seeing all of the possible pets you could adopt.

The downside to adopting from rescues is the expense. Because foster homes spend so much time and effort, the adoption fees are greater than animal shelters and humane societies. However, can you really put a price on your fur companion?

As you consider where to adopt your new pet from, keep in mind the major differences between each adoption center.

Early Renaissance Slideshow

A quick slideshow put together to give those interested in learning a bit more about art history an opportunity to do so. This slideshow walks through the early renaissance period, based off of Anatoly Vanetik’s post on both  his WordPress and his website TonyVanetik.net.

Anatoly’s Art History: Early Renaissance

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To better explore a culture, to better examine the past and to better understand the history and people that came before us, we can study art. In some form, art has existed essentially since the dawn of time. Like people and cultures, through, art has changed. Looking, even casually, at art from the past, ignoring the subtleties and nuances that each artist inserts into their own work still sheds light on the changes that humankind has undergone throughout time. Here on TonyVanetik.wordpress.com and concurrently on TonyVanetik.net, I will continue to walk through various periods of time and the corresponding artists, themes and motifs found in each.

 

Happy reading.

 

Early Renaissance Art

 

Welcome to one of the single most influential periods of art that we’ve seen as a civilization to date. Literally meaning “rebirth,” the Renaissance period was home to artists whose names have lived on until today in the mouths of art lovers, text books and on the walls of museums; names like Michelangelo, Donatello and Leonardo da Vinci–guys you’ve probably heard of a few times.

 

The rebirth characterized by the Renaissance wasn’t limited to art–not even close. The very lives and ways of living that those in the Renaissance period experienced featured a marked shift towards intellectualism and cultural reinvention. For the purposes of this blog, I’ll stick to the art and culture that changed in the early Renaissance period; covering the whole period is more worthy of a term paper or research report than a blog post.

 

Most of the Renaissance period (or, at least what art scholars and historians like to consider the Renaissance period) took place between 1400 and 1600, give or take a few years and depending on how stringent you’d like to be.

 

The period got its start initially pre-1400 in Italy, though the movement didn’t fully come into itself until about 1400, when the Netherlands and Italy developed seemingly concurrent styles independently of one another.

 

Causes of Italy’s rebirth into the classical world are numerous, including the rediscovery and thirst for new knowledge from older classical written works. Now with a stable government at their back and prosperity ahead, the people of Italy began to discover how meaningful delving into cultural philosophy and classical knowledge could be.

 

Like so many things in life, competition was one of the driving forces credited with bringing the Renaissance into existence in Italy–more specifically, a competition to craft a set of bronze doors for a cathedral in Florence. The competitors included Lorenzo Ghiberti, the winner, and Donatello, one of art history’s most revered Renaissance artists.

 

The artwork in the early Renaissance period was, as you may expect, heavily influenced by both Greek and Roman history as well as religion. The works were often more meticulously created, going so far as to utilize mathematical and scientific principles to perfect each piece. Three-dimensional art pieces that made use of shadows and depth techniques as well as strong geometric guidelines helped to define early Renaissance art.